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Scientists in UFO Research
I read a newspaper column last month written by a woman who seemed to have the idea in her mind that there is a divide, on one side of which are scientists who are, in general, rational and entirely dismissive of the existence or otherwise of UFOs and aliens. On the other side, according to this writer's apparent reasoning are non-scientists, who are addicted to watching 'The X-Files,' and are, in general, irrational - given to believing the unproven.

This writer's ignorance of the fact that many of the most well-known and respected people in the field of UFO research have been well-qualified scientists, inspired me, in response, to make notes detailing the academic qualifications of some of these scientific pioneers. Much of this information has been taken from Margaret Sachs' book 'The UFO Encyclopedia.' I will add more names and information, hopefully, before too long...

Juan-Vicente Ballester-Olmos (Spain)

Studied physical sciences for 3 years at the Faculty of Sciences at the University of Valencia. Received a degree in Technical Engineering from the Polytechnic University of Valencia, and a degree in Computer Programming from the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Valencia.

Olavo Fontes (Brazil)

Graduated from Brazil's National School of Medicine in 1947. Became Professor of Medicine at the school and was Chief of the Gastroenterological section at the time of his death, May 1968.

Stanton Friedman (U.S.A.)

Received a B.S. in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1955, and an M.S. in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1956. Worked for various companies on advanced radiation shielding systems for nuclear aircraft; development of high performance nuclear systems for space applications; development of compact mobile nuclear reactors, nuclear breeders etc.

Richard Haines (U.S.A.)

"His academic background is in experimental psychology/physiology (Ph.D. from Michigan State University) with subsequent research (1967-1988) for NASA in both aeronautical and astronautical areas.."

Paul Hill (U.S.A.)

Respected NASA scientist. The foreword of his posthumously published book 'Unconventional Flying Objects,' is provided by Robert M.Wood, Ph.D. in Physics, Cornell University, 1953; Aeronautical Engineer, 1953-1961, and Research & Development Manager, 1961-1993 at McDonnell Douglas Corporation, Huntington Beach, CA.

J.Allen Hynek (U.S.A.)

Attended University of Chicago, where he received his B.S. in 1931 and his Ph.D. in Astrophysics in 1935. Astronautical consultant to the USAF on UFOs from 1948 to 1968.

Bruce Maccabee (U.S.A.)

B.S. in Physics from from Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1964. M.S. and Ph.D. in Physics from the American University in 1967 and 1970, respectively. From 1970-1980 was an Electronics consultant to the Compackager Corporation; served as Laser Physics consultant to Tracor, Incorporated and Science Applications, Incorporated; Research Physicist for Sparcom, Incorporated; Research Physicist at Naval Surface Weapons Center in Silver Spring, Maryland.

James McCampbell (U.S.A.)

Received a B.A. in 1949, and a B.S. in Engineering and Physics in 1950 from the University of California at Berkeley. He did extensive graduate studies in physics and mathematics. McCampbell did research on the effects of nuclear weapons from 1950 to 1955, and on nuclear reactor design from 1955 to 1959. He was involved in technical studies and engineering management from 1959 to 1971. From then, consultant on "..the planning and managing of large-scale, technical projects, such as Environmental Protection for the Alaskan Pipeline, the Solar Energy Research Institute and the Technical Integration of LMFBR Large Plant Study."

James McDonald (U.S.A.)

Received his B.A. in Chemistry from the University of Omaha in 1942; his M.S. in Meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1945; and his Ph.D. in Physics from Iowa State University in 1951. McDonald served in the U.S.Navy in Intelligence and Aerology from 1942 to 1945; was an Instructor at the Department of Physics of Iowa State University, 1950 to 1953 etc. Last employed as Professor of the Department of Meteorology and Senior Physicist at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics from 1958 until 1971.

Ivan Sanderson (Scotland)

M.A.s with Honors in Zoology, Geology and Botany from Cambridge University in 1932. Postgraduate studies at Cambridge and London, 1933-34.

Berthold Schwarz (U.S.A.)

B.A. from Dartmouth College, and Diploma in Medicine from Dartmouth Medical School in 1945. He graduated from the New York University College of medicine in 1950. He received an M.S. in Psychiatry from the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine in 1957.

Jacques Vallee (France)

B.S. in Mathematics from the Sorbonne in 1959, M.S. in Astrophysics from Lille University in 1961 and Ph.D. in Computer Science from Northwestern University in 1967.

Felix Zigel (Soviet Union)

Was Professor of Higher Mathematics and Astronomy at the Moscow Aviation Institute.